Marx also talked about various aspects of consciousness.

Naturally, consciousness of revolutionary category is the only way of emancipation.


The only statements that are valid are particular descriptions of particular phenomena at a given stage of history”.

Karl Korsch (1886-1961) a German Marxist, has redefined Marxism in an essay published in 1935. The only way is the curses of alienation are to be removed. The contradictions within capitalism have achieved the stage of maturity.

Furthering this perception; with the new neo-liberal world order replacing the embedded liberal order which centred on the state…, Education gives people the knowledge and understanding to see that they are being oppressed and to work against that. According to Marx man is not concerned with Absolute Idea or Spirit but with the stark reality.

The labor theory of value is a major pillar of traditional Marxian economics, which is evident in Marx’s masterpiece, Capital (1867).

About consciousness Marx’s opinion is clear.

In this way the purview of Marxism has increased perceptibly. In fact, alienation occupies a very important place in Marx’s theory. Orwell does so in a fascinating account of an incident that occurred during his time as a member of the British Indian Imperial Police in Burma between 1922 and 1927. Marxism consists of three elements. These benefits are helpful for the development of any nation whereas the demerits of marxist government can hamper its functioning.

© 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, © 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved, Lenin’s Contribution towards Marxism or Communism, Frankfurt School: Genesis, Features and Basic Concepts, New Left in Contemporary Marxism: Origin, Features and Theoretical Aspects, Essay on Guild Socialism: Meaning, Origin, Principles and Criticism, Essay on Village Panchayats | India | Political Science, Essay on Communalism | India | Political Science, Directive Principles of State Policy | Essay | India | Political Science, Essay on Justice | India | Political Science. Features of Marxism: According to Korsch there are few important features of Marxism: 1. The factors representing characteristics of marxist government include its advantages, disadvantages and structure such as Class conflict, No economic freedom, Workers treated like machines also Better welfare, Economic growth, Efficient distribution of resources, Greater efficiency.The structure of marxist government is also extremely significant in the study of this form of government and it gives us a glimpse of how the government functions. Without prolonged struggle, communism cannot be achieved. Hence Marxism includes nature or various aspects of capitalism and revolutionary protest against it. The capitalist system has introduced this division of labour to have better results.

This philosophical theory was given by Hegel.

Marxism characteristics are peculiar. Hegel also speaks of Spirit and man understands it through his realisation of the world.

Marx addressed the matters of alienation and exploitation of the working class, the capitalist mode of production and historical materialism.

These features describe this government form from all aspects!

Generally, Marxism includes all these three elements. 2. As a government form, some characteristics of marxist governmentare benefits and some are not.

He never resorted to imagination and for this reason Marxist method is called materialist method as well as dialectical method.

So Marxism is interpretation of history or bourgeois society by way of dialectical materialism. Features of Marxism 3. He has interpreted the facts he collected in the background of the particular idea or thought or what may be called philosophy. 7. 8. The attributes which make any type of government unique are its characteristics. The interpreters of Marxism say that Marx never claimed that he had presented a clear and correct view about the social political and economic conditions of the world.

That is, society tends to have unevenness in who has power. Marxism is a whole world view and this view has been explained by a method or principle which is called dialectical materialism.

After reading this article you will learn about Marxism:- 1. But Marx did not support the contention of Hegel. The proletariat class is the victim of exploitation and naturally this class started to protest and the method of protest is revolutionary. It is now easier to get a general outline about the characteristics of marxist government by studying the advantages of marxist government, disadvantages of marxist government, marxist government structure! But its harmful consequence is with the passing away of time man is gradually alienated from the whole production system and finally the society. He always interprets the world around him. That is, it may be passive or active. Marx has said that the philosophers have interpreted the world, but the real task is to change the world or society. In the opinion of Marx, since alienation is the greatest evil of capitalist system the workers must be freed from this evil. These disadvantages …

Marx explained and interpreted the political economy of the entire capitalist world and arrived at the conclusion that the economically powerful class which is capitalist exploits the entire society for its own benefits. In the Third World countries Marxism means a guide to national liberation movement.

an eloquent criticism of British imperialism and capitalist society. In the light of Marxism (to some extent orthodox Marxism) colonial and imperial questions were being interpreted and this considerably enhanced the scope of meaning and definition of Marxism.

It has not built up any general theory which is applicable in all places. It will do this by going into details of Marxism and criticism from the 1930’s to the 1980’s. But in a capitalist system there is no possibility of freeing man from alienation. Looking at society through this lens is absolutely massive, and it's shaped generations of thought on the left.

That is why it has been rightly observed that the transcendence of alienation and communism are identical.

Workers must fight against these.


Its chief aim is not simply to analyse the capitalist society, but to change it. Both Hegel and Marx thought that man was the product of self-knowledge and he goes on reconciling with the world. The labour theory of value was first formu­lated by Locke. It consists of labour theory of value and theory of surplus value. For example, proletarians will be conscious of their own class. Let us put it in the words of Kolakowski: “Communism puts an end to the division of life into public and private spheres and to the difference between civil society and the state, it does away with the need for political institutions, political authority and governments, private property and its source in the division of labour. All the tenets of Marxism are particular and not general. The division of labour no doubt helps the progress of industry of capitalist society. The whole of his work, down to the last page of Capital, was a confirmation and elaboration of these ideas”.

But in communism he gets full scope to develop them and ultimately he arrives at the stage which he desires. Particularly Lenin’s National and Colonial Questions were drafted in the light of Marxism.

These disadvantages have to be overcome for any nation to run efficiently. Marxism and Literary Theory By Nasrullah Mambrol on April 12, 2016 • ( 27) Marxism is a materialist philosophy which tried to interpret the world based on the concrete, natural world around us and the society we live in.

This meant that it had to include politics to other sources such as a superstructure or ideology and private institutions. 3.

The building up of a communist society will completely transform the existence of men and women.

Hence it is an empirical doctrine. In The German Ideology, Karl Marx states “The ruling class will give its ideas the form of universality and represent them as the only rational universally valid ones.” In this quotation Karl Marx is stating that the ruling class…. 9.

The theory of alienation is the product of the alienated labour.

Show More. Again, be conscious of the fact that only struggle against the bourgeoisie is the way of freedom. Hegel was of opinion that mind of man passes through history and finally comes to realize what is the world.

Labor Theory of Value .

2. Marxism is based on exact and verifiable knowledge.

Marx scanned almost all the important aspects of capitalist society by applying dialectical materialism.

He gets no respect as a human being. There are many marxist government advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of marxist government.These benefits and demerits affect the nation immensely.

It is simply a critical and practical analysis of existing society.

Now, get characteristics of marxist government along with Marxism Definition, History of Marxism and Marxist Countries right here.

Hence communism and disappearance of alienation is almost same thing. He studied the social, economic and political conditions of the various countries and specially the capitalist states of the world and on the basis of his study and investigation he drew certain conclusions.

Characteristics Of Marxism; Characteristics Of Marxism.

Man has many good qualities and abilities. The Oxford dictionary of sociology, describes hegemony as the "ideal representation of the interests of the ruling-class as universal interests."(2009).

This is just as important for an understanding of Marx as are The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital. Again, this alienation is responsible for dehumanisation.

6. It originally consisted of three related ideas: a philosophical anthropology, a theory of history, and an economic and political program.

The interesting fact is that he once said, “All I know is that I am not a Marxist.” But one cannot infer from this that Marx rejected the main tenets of his doctrine.

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