In the current commemoration marking the outbreak of World War One, homage has been paid to the millions of combatants who lost their lives during the conflict. The regimen in these institutions was designed to be "educational rather than punitive", but it was highly regulated, with a focus on routine, discipline and authority during the early years. [8] Confusion on this matter arises perhaps because in approved schools, a quite different kind of youth institution based more on the open "boarding school" model, caning was an official punishment for young people (maximum age 19).[9]. The youth prison at Borstal gave its name to the Borstal reform school system.

As Clive Emsley has observed, ‘There were those who believed that the young tearaway was, potentially, the ideal soldier in the making’ (1).

802 likes. Coronavirus (Covid-19): Latest updates and information, Photographing prison life in the early 20th century.

You could give ACRO a ring, someone is bound to know how that works.

Borstals were originally for offenders under 21, but in the 1930s the maximum age was increased to 23. In India, Borstal schools are used for the imprisonment of minors.

To search for records of prisoners at The National Archives you will usually need to know the name of the prison where they were held, or the name of … Reply Delete.

Unfortunately Thomas absconded from his regiment, the 1st Royal Berkshires, in April 1916 when they were ordered to proceed up the line.

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If you can remember any names from your uncle’s stories you might be able to narrow it down. By Dr Heather Shore, Leeds Beckett University, This article was previously published on the Our Criminal Past website on 7/8/14. • Specialized "Borstal" website, contains many unsourced and questionable claims about unofficial corporal punishment, also tends to lump borstals together with Approved Schools

A Borstal was a type of youth detention centre in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth.
The system was developed on a national basis and formalised in the Prevention of Crime Act 1908. This emphasis on reform was not without its critics; ambivalence conveyed by an editorial in The Times, entitled ‘Children and Crime’, published in December 1907 (4). Thus the 1916 Prison Commission commented on the testimony they had received from the authorities (such as the Borstal Association) who had kept in touch with ex-prisoners serving in the Forces, ‘Recruited as they are, from all classes of prisoners, the man fresh from penal servitude, the lad from a Borstal Institutions, the petty thief, and the habitual drunkard – their country’s call has touched a fibre in the heart of many whose lives hitherto had been shown to be irresponsive to all other calls and motives to honest living and good conduct’.

Can anyone out there help me please as I think the incarceration in the barbaric place determined his future anger through his lifetime. It doesn't appear in any feeds, and anyone with a direct link to it will see a message like this one. Including charges of desertion and minor offences, only 96 have been reported upon unsatisfactorily. He had held down a job as an errand boy for a while, but had left his job after falling out with his father, whom the records state, ‘was always swearing at him’. The Report went on to quote from the Visiting Committee of Bristol Prison, which had a Modified Borstal System, ‘If one fact stands out more clearly than another as a lesson of the War, it is the magnificent material of which the working-class of this country is composed’ (12). Reply. [10] This was part of a policy to broaden the system from reform and training institutions to a place of detention for youths between 17 and 21 for any sentence which carried a prison term. cannot be held responsible directly or indirectly for the messages or content posted by others.

In his book, Boy Soldiers of the Great War, Richard Van Emden noted that by March 1915, of the 336 boys released from Borstal institutions, 150 were in the forces, and some 600 former borstal boys were known to be serving overall (7) By 1914, there was only one other Borstal, which was Feltham in south-west London; although there were what were known as ‘modified Borstal systems’ within some adult prisons.

This power was very rarely used – there were only seven birching cases in borstals in the 10 years to 1936.

Hi I'm trying to find a bit of information or even just the location of where a recently passed uncle spent time in a borstal when he was young. The indexing into a spreadsheet is done from the scanned image, and may be done where and when convenient. Richard was convicted at the Essex Quarter Sessions in July 1912 at the age of 17, having stolen a bicycle. Sorry, this post was deleted by the person who originally posted it. A similar system under the name "borstal" or "borstal school" has also been introduced in several other Commonwealth countries. People are looking for many things including information about their lost family, relatives, ancestors or family lineage. © 2020 Our Criminal Ancestors. Elizabeth M. Chesser, "NEW REFORM FOR GIRL CRIMINALS; English Scheme Which Is Educational Rather Than Punitive" (article about extension of borstal system to include girls),, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 10:54. All Rights Reserved. This includes family trees, marriage documents, adoption documents, and other legal documents that […] You can update your cookie preferences at any time. All Census Lookups are Crown Copyright, National Archives for academic and non-commercial research purposes only.

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