The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior. Biological research has helped yield useful treatments for a variety of psychological disorders. Biological perspective links biology and psychology by focusing on the analysis of human behavior based on biological and physical evidence. By understanding the physiological basis of behavior, it is possible to treat behavior disorders with chemotherapy (drug intervention), or psychosurgery (more sophisticated versions of the lobotomy using MRI scans). Their bodies are described as hourglass-shaped when they're female, or rectangular-shaped in males.

Biopsychologists study many of the same things that other psychologists do, but they are interested in looking at how biological forces shape human behaviors. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. This creates a strong compulsion in them to commit crimes. Pastorino, EE, Doyle-Portillo, SM. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. There are four main theories which contributed to the development of the biological perspective of psychology. It is reductionistic as it only looks at one cause – the physiological cause– of behavior or mental disorders, thus, simplifying the disease. The Biological Perspective seeks to determine the psychological aspects of human behavior looking at evidence from genetic and neurological studies as well as studies of the immune system. India Arnold from Northern, California on August 16, 2012: A very interesting look at human biopsychology.

This person is sometimes called a "super male." The study of physiology and biological processes has played a significant role in psychology since its earliest beginnings. Discovering Psychology. Criminal behavior: It was widely held by biopsychologists that criminal behavior was due largely to heredity and many were in favor of eugenics, a means, they thought, to improve the human species through compulsory sterilization of criminals, the mentally retarded, and others thought to be social misfits due to the inheritance of undesirable traits. Their bodies are described as flat-chested, lean, lightly muscled, and small shouldered. Depression results from a traumatic situation which alters a person's nervous system leading to the secretion or inhibition of secretion of specific neurotransmitters. They assume that some people are "born criminals" or that offenders are biologically different from the general public. There are various different approaches in contemporary psychology. Hockenbury, DH & Hockenbury SE. In developing his theory, Lombroso observed the physical characteristics of Italian prisoners and compared them to those of Italian soldiers.

Genevieve. While in the wild, some differences will get you either eaten or exiled, while other differences assure a stronger more resilient future species. Technology for studying the nervous system and brain has grown tremendously advanced with access to tools such as PET and MRI scans making the biological perspective in psychology increasingly important. They are described as having underdeveloped muscles and a round physique. Teresa Coppens (author) from Ontario, Canada on August 16, 2012: Thanks Indie for your enthusiasm.

2012. The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior. Why Some Biological Explanations for Deviancy Have Been Discredited, ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Crime is also one aspect of individual behaviour.

The Case for a Gendered Analysis of Violence Against Women 1. Biological perspective links biology and psychology by focusing on the analysis of human behavior based on biological and physical evidence. He determined that although the body and mind are separate, they do interact through the brain's pineal gland. This theory was developed by Charles Darwin who proposed the idea that random variations in organisms led to better reproductive success ensuring the passing on of these traits to subsequent generations. They're muscular with thick skin and have excellent posture. This theory assumes a physical aspect to all behavior. Things such as emotions, social pressures, environmental factors, childhood experiences, and cultural variables can also play a role in the formation of psychological problems. New York: Worth Publishers; 2011. The psychoanalytic perspective might view aggression as the result of childhood experiences and unconscious urges. There is a genetic basis to all behaviors.

According to Sheldon, mesomorphs are the most prone to commit crime or other deviant behaviors. Many biopsychologists have concentrated on abnormal behavior and have tried to explain it in physiological terms. view) that involves certain assumptions (i.e. At the foundation of biological perspective is the theory that physiological changes directly affect an individual's behavior. Simply Psychology. Most behavior has an adaptive or evolutionary function. Females, on the other hand, only needed as few as three of these characteristics to be born criminals.

It is one of the major perspectives in psychology and involves such things as studying the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics. By this I mean, some humans (past and present) feel that disposing of or sterilizing those with certain (criminal, mental, physical) differences will bring a more unified population, thus a stronger population. Lombroso also believed that tattoos are the markings of born criminals because they stand as evidence of both immortality and insensitivity to physical pain. This branch of psychology has grown tremendously in recent years and is linked to other areas of science including biology, neurology, and genetics.The biological perspective is essentially a way of looking at human problems and actions. Almost every human behavior and mood is analysed by the biological perspective for its physiological origin. The logic here is that these individuals have a mental and physical defect of some sort that makes it impossible for them to learn and follow rules. Thank you, {{}}, for signing up. Using evolutionary theory allows the development of rational explanations for otherwise unexplainable behaviors.

Happiness is thought to be due to the quality of experience offered by our nervous system. Charles Darwin first introduced the idea that evolution and genetics play a role in human behavior. They often have difficulty losing weight. An explanation concerning the disparity of these theories and a discussion of crime control practices that classical theory advocates support will ensue. Theory Summary Functionalism Argue that societies need a limited amount of crime, because crime is inevitable (society of saints argument) and that crime performs three positive functions: regulation, integration and change.

One of the strengths of using the biological perspective to analyze psychological problems is that the approach is usually very scientific. Biological Perspective. It is thought by many supporters of this perspective that behavioral changes occur at the genetic level and are the direct result of evolutionary changes brought about by adaptations in some organisms that give them a survival advantage. There are many different ways of thinking about topics in psychology.

This field of psychology is often referred to as biopsychology or physiological psychology. Those who take up the nurture side of the debate suggest that it is the environment that plays the greatest role in shaping behavior.

beliefs) about human behavior: the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study. This "defect," in turn, leads to criminal behavior.​. This theory holds that criminals have an extra Y chromosome that gives them an XYY chromosomal makeup rather than an XY makeup. Mesomorphs are muscular and athletic. It is one of the major perspectives in psychology and involves such things as studying the brain, immune system , nervous system, and genetics. The biological perspective of psychology is still a strongly explored area of study especially with advances in technology including sophisticated scanning tools that allow an ever deeper examination of human physiology.

It is based on animal and human genetics studies suggesting genes evolved over long periods of time. The theory is named biological determinism - heredity, more than environment or education, the idea went, caused social problems. i am still young and as such am still forming my own opinion that is why a word from an expert like you would be of great influance. Nineteenth-century Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso rejected the idea that crime is a characteristic of human nature. January 17, 2011, Cherry, Kendra. He spent his life observing the varieties of human bodies and came up with three types: ectomorphs, endomorphs, and mesomorphs. The physical characteristics he used to identify prisoners included an asymmetry of the face or head, large monkey-like ears, large lips, a twisted nose, excessive cheekbones, long arms, and excessive wrinkles on the skin.

Endomorphs are considered soft and fat. An approach is a perspective (i.e. Making the tactics for both human and beast pretty closely related when we think about it in simplified terms. In order to understand human behavior, it is necessary to include animal studies. Natural selection influences whether certain behavior patterns are passed down to future generations.

Some studies have found that the proportion of XYY males in the prison population is slightly higher than the general male population, but other studies don’t provide evidence that supports this theory. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Sociological Explanations of Deviant Behavior, How Psychology Defines and Explains Deviant Behavior, Deviance Amplification and How the Media Perpetuates It, Sutherland's Differential Association Theory Explained, Understanding the Difference Between Race and Ethnicity. Today, scientists use tools such as PET and MRI scans to look at how brain development, drugs, disease, and brain damage impact behavior and cognitive functioning. by studying different animal species, their behavior under similar stimuli can be compared to human data enhancing the understanding of human behaviors.

This theory has been disregarded by many psychologists. Bhondwe, Ashlesha. Charles Darwin first proposed the idea that genetics and evolution both contribute to many human qualities including personality. Criminal behavior, depression, happiness, and personality disorders have been studied extensively by this perspective. A person's personality will determine his/her perception of the experience. Researchers utilize rigorous empirical methods, and their results are often reliable and practical. Biology is defined as the study of life while psychology examines the human mind and its processes, especially those affecting behavior. William Sheldon was an American psychologist practicing in the early to mid-1900s. The development of these theories required a unifying perspective explaining the connection between psychology and physiology.

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